Most people with Spina Bifida also have hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus means there is a build up of cerebral spina fluid (CSF) around the brain. Like a bathtub with water on and a partially clogged drain, this CSF on the brain can’t drain fast enough. This CSF is made by brain cells to protect the brain and spinal cord. When there is too much CSF, it can be dangerous.
For further information on shunt problems, infections, physical activity, and decision making in the educational environment, please view the PDF.